划时代!FDA批准全球第一款CAR-T疗法!

原文始发于微信公众号(药时代):划时代!FDA批准全球第一款CAR-T疗法!

划时代!FDA批准全球第一款CAR-T疗法!

2017年7月12日,美国东部时间下午,经过了一天的详细讨论之后,由FDA召集的外部专家小组在星期三下午举行了投票,10:0,一致建议批准诺华公司的CAR-T新药CTL019(tisagenlecleucel-T)的生物制剂许可申请(BLA),用于治疗患有晚期白血病的儿童和年轻成人患者。这个投票是这一类实验疗法的一个关键里程碑。预计FDA将于2017年10月3日作出最终决定。

10 : 0!完美数字!激动人心的历史时刻!热烈祝贺诺华在CAR-T领域代表人类迈出的一大步!

2017年8月30日,离2017年10月3日还有一个多月的时间,FDA即做出决定,批准诺华公司的突破性CAR-T新药CTL019,商品名是Kymriah,治疗儿童和年轻成人患者的急性成淋巴细胞白血病。

这是具有划时代意义的历史性时刻!人类从此拥有了一种新的治疗癌症和其它严重的、危及生命的疾病的方法!

划时代!FDA批准全球第一款CAR-T疗法!

FDA approval brings first gene therapy to the United States

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration issued a historic action today making the first gene therapy available in the United States, ushering in a new approach to the treatment of cancer and other serious and life-threatening diseases.

The FDA approved Kymriah (tisagenlecleucel) for certain pediatric and young adult patients with a form of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).

“We’re entering a new frontier in medical innovation with the ability to reprogram a patient’s own cells to attack a deadly cancer,” said FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D. “New technologies such as gene and cell therapies hold out the potential to transform medicine and create an inflection point in our ability to treat and even cure many intractable illnesses. At the FDA, we’re committed to helping expedite the development and review of groundbreaking treatments that have the potential to be life-saving.”

Kymriah, a cell-based gene therapy, is approved in the United States for the treatment of patients up to 25 years of age with B-cell precursor ALL that is refractory or in second or later relapse.

Kymriah is a genetically-modified autologous T-cell immunotherapy. Each dose of Kymriah is a customized treatment created using an individual patient’s own T-cells, a type of white blood cell known as a lymphocyte. The patient’s T-cells are collected and sent to a manufacturing center where they are genetically modified to include a new gene that contains a specific protein (a chimeric antigen receptor or CAR) that directs the T-cells to target and kill leukemia cells that have a specific antigen (CD19) on the surface. Once the cells are modified, they are infused back into the patient to kill the cancer cells.

ALL is a cancer of the bone marrow and blood, in which the body makes abnormal lymphocytes. The disease progresses quickly and is the most common childhood cancer in the U.S. The National Cancer Institute estimates that approximately 3,100 patients aged 20 and younger are diagnosed with ALL each year. ALL can be of either T- or B-cell origin, with B-cell the most common. Kymriah is approved for use in pediatric and young adult patients with B-cell ALL and is intended for patients whose cancer has not responded to or has returned after initial treatment, which occurs in an estimated 15-20 percent of patients.

“Kymriah is a first-of-its-kind treatment approach that fills an important unmet need for children and young adults with this serious disease,” said Peter Marks, M.D., Ph.D., director of the FDA’s Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER). “Not only does Kymriah provide these patients with a new treatment option where very limited options existed, but a treatment option that has shown promising remission and survival rates in clinical trials.”

The safety and efficacy of Kymriah were demonstrated in one multicenter clinical trial of 63 pediatric and young adult patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell precursor ALL. The overall remission rate within three months of treatment was 83 percent.

Treatment with Kymriah has the potential to cause severe side effects. It carries a boxed warning for cytokine release syndrome (CRS), which is a systemic response to the activation and proliferation of CAR T-cells causing high fever and flu-like symptoms, and for neurological events. Both CRS and neurological events can be life-threatening. Other severe side effects of Kymriah include serious infections, low blood pressure (hypotension), acute kidney injury, fever, and decreased oxygen (hypoxia). Most symptoms appear within one to 22 days following infusion of Kymriah. Since the CD19 antigen is also present on normal B-cells, and Kymriah will also destroy those normal B cells that produce antibodies, there may be an increased risk of infections for a prolonged period of time.

The FDA today also expanded the approval of Actemra (tocilizumab) to treat CAR T-cell-induced severe or life-threatening CRS in patients 2 years of age or older. In clinical trials in patients treated with CAR-T cells, 69 percent of patients had complete resolution of CRS within two weeks following one or two doses of Actemra.

Because of the risk of CRS and neurological events, Kymriah is being approved with a risk evaluation and mitigation strategy (REMS), which includes elements to assure safe use (ETASU). The FDA is requiring that hospitals and their associated clinics that dispense Kymriah be specially certified. As part of that certification, staff involved in the prescribing, dispensing, or administering of Kymriah are required to be trained to recognize and manage CRS and neurological events. Additionally, the certified health care settings are required to have protocols in place to ensure that Kymriah is only given to patients after verifying that tocilizumab is available for immediate administration. The REMS program specifies that patients be informed of the signs and symptoms of CRS and neurological toxicities following infusion – and of the importance of promptly returning to the treatment site if they develop fever or other adverse reactions after receiving treatment with Kymriah.

To further evaluate the long-term safety, Novartis is also required to conduct a post-marketing observational study involving patients treated with Kymriah.

The FDA granted KymriahFast Track,Priority ReviewandBreakthrough Therapydesignations. The Kymriah application was reviewed using a coordinated, cross-agency approach. The clinical review was coordinated by the FDA’s Oncology Center of Excellence, while CBER conducted all other aspects of review and made the final product approval determination.

The FDA granted approval of Kymriah to Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp. The FDA granted the expanded approval of Actemra to Genentech Inc.

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美国FDA于2017年8月29-30日大约一天里批准了三款药物,其中第一款是苄硝唑,用于治疗患有查加斯病的2至12岁儿童。 这是美国批准用于治疗查加斯病的首款药物。第二款是新的抗菌药物。第三款是诺华公司的Car-T新药,这是全球首个Car-T疗法,其获批具有里程碑意义。欢迎阅读同期发布的文章。

  1. FDA一天之内批准三款药物!第一款治疗查加斯病的药物,背后的故事很多很多。。。

  2. FDA一天之内批准三款药物!第二款是新的抗菌药物

  3. 划时代!FDA批准全球第一款CAR-T疗法!

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划时代!FDA批准全球第一款CAR-T疗法!

划时代!FDA批准全球第一款CAR-T疗法!

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